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Dermatology specializes in diagnosing and treating medical conditions related to the skin, hair, and nails. Dermatology also includes concerns related to cosmetic issues, such as sun damage and aging, skin cancer, and other skin conditions.
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Common Symptoms of Skin Disorders
- Acne: This is a skin condition that occurs when the hair follicles get plugged with dead skin cells and oil. Acne often causes blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples, and usually appears on the forehead, face, upper back, chest, and shoulders. Though it affects people of all ages, it is most commonly found among teenagers.
- Eczema: Eczema(Atopic Dermatitis) is a skin condition in which patches of skin become itchy, inflamed, cracked, red, and rough. Blisters may also occur in some cases. Medical treatment and self-care measures relieve itching and prevent new outbreaks.
- Psoriasis: Psoriasis is a skin disorder causing the skin cells to multiply up to 10 times faster than usual. This builds up the skin into bumpy red patches covered with white scales. They can grow anywhere. But, they commonly appear on the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back.
- Cold Sores: Cold sores are a common skin condition where tiny, fluid-filled blisters occur on and around the lips that are often grouped together in patches. After the blisters break, a crust is formed over the resulting sore. Cold sores usually heal in two-four weeks without leaving a scar.
- Hives: Hives, also known as urticaria is a skin condition where red, itchy welts that occur. They appear suddenly as a result of the body’s reaction to certain allergens. This condition is considered as chronic hives if the welts appear for more than six weeks and recur frequently over months or years.
- Blisters: A blister is a skin condition with a pocket of fluid between the upper layers of the skin. The most common causes of blisters are freezing, friction, infection, burning, and chemical burns. The blister bubble is formed from the uppermost layer of the skin called the epidermis.
- Wart: Warts is a skin condition where skin growths occur due to Human Papillomavirus(HPV). There are more than 60 kinds of HPV. Some of them tend to cause warts on the skin. HPV stimulates the quick growth of cells on the skin’s outer layer. In most cases, common warts appear near the fingernails, on the fingers, or on the hands.
- Rosacea: Rosacea is a common skin condition resulting in redness and visible blood vessels on the face. This may also cause small, red, pus-filled bumps. These signs flare up for weeks to months and then go away for a while. Rosacea is most common among middle-aged women with light skin.
Non-surgical Dermatology Procedures
- Laser Treatment: Laser treatment is used for several cosmetic procedures, including skin resurfacing, teeth whitening, liposuction, and vision correction. Ablative laser treatment removes the top layer of skin, while non-ablative laser treatment is less invasive and uses heat to stimulate cells for improving underlying collagen.
- Chemical Peel: Chemical peels remove old skin for new layers to grow in their place. This controlled removal ranges in strength, from superficial peels using mild acids to deep peels penetrating several skin layers. Based on the type of peel, there might be a reaction similar to a sunburn, which involves scaling, swelling, and blisters.
- Injectable Fillers: Injectable fillers such as Juvederm or Restylane are used for everything including lip augmentation, wrinkle treatment, and scar removal. Injectable fillers may be used for correcting a variety of cosmetic concerns, such as wrinkles, thin lips, acne scars, and under-eye areas.
- Botox Injection: Botox injection is used for temporarily relaxing facial muscles. This would reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and prevent new lines from forming. Common injection sites include the area between the eyebrows, forehead, sides of the chin, and corners of the eyes.
- Microdermabrasion: Microdermabrasion is a non-surgical procedure to renew overall skin tone and texture. It improves the appearance of sun damage, wrinkles, fine lines, age spots, acne scarring, melasma, and other skin-related conditions. Microdermabrasion uses a special applicator with an abrasive surface that gently sands away the thick outer skin layer to rejuvenate it.
- Dermabrasion: Dermabrasion is an exfoliating technique that uses a rotating instrument for removing the outer layers of skin, usually present on the face. This treatment is common among people who wish to improve their skin appearance. Some of the conditions that can be treated with dermabrasion include fine lines, sun damage, acne scars, and uneven texture.
- Scar Removal: Many techniques are available to reduce the appearance of scarring and the one adopted depends on the severity of the scar. Non-surgical procedures include injectable fillers for concave scars, light therapy, lasers, dermabrasion, and chemical peels. Removal of deep scars would require surgery.
- Skin Tightening: As we age, we begin losing volume in our faces, especially fat. As a result, skin hangs down creating droopiness, wrinkles, and bands. Non-Surgical skin tightening is a cosmetic procedure to change the look of the face and stomach. These procedures are far less invasive than surgical options, like facelifts and tummy tucks and produce similar results.
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