What is a Lung Transplant?
Lungs transplant is a surgical procedure where the diseased or failing lung is replaced with a healthy lung, from a donor.
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Why Lungs Transplantation?
Doctors Suggests Lung Transplant as a last resort for lung failure. They try to cure it with lifestyle changes and other treatments first.
Conditions resulting in lung failure that requires a lung transplant include:
- Cystic fibrosis
- Pulmonary fibrosis
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
- It is important for the patient to wait for the right lung from the donor. This can be an emotional journey.
- The doctors will take initial tests to meet the qualifying criteria and will place the patient on a waiting list for a donor’s lung.
- Numerous lab tests will take place along with counseling. Agarwal Medical Tourism helps the patients to get emotional and financial relief by arranging counseling sessions with the best doctors and therapists.
- The doctor will ensure that the patient is completely prepared for the procedure and its after-effects.
- After the donor’s lung is available, the patient has to appear at the transplant facility as soon as possible.
Lung Transplant - Procedure
- The patient and the donor’s lung will be prepared for surgery.
- The Patient will be made Unconscious via Anaesthesia.
- The Surgical Team will insert tubes into the patient’s windpipe to facilitate breathing and also in the nose.
- Equipment called the ‘catheter’ will be used to keep the bladder empty.
- A large incision will be made across the chest through which the lung will be removed.
- The donor Lung will be inserted connecting with the airway and the blood vessels.
- As soon the new lung is working, the incision will be closed.
- The patient will be moved to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) after the surgery.
- A lung transplant surgery can take from 4 to 12 hours.
After the Lung Transplant
- The patient is likely to stay in the ICU for a few days after the surgery.
- The vital signs will be monitored closely and the patient might also be hooked up to a medical ventilator to facilitate breathing.
- The patient will be tubed up on the chest in order to drain put any fluid buildup.
- The patient will have to stay in the hospital for weeks before they’re discharged.
- The three months after surgery will be crucial. The patient will have regular appointments with the lung transplant team.
- The doctors will look for any signs of rejection or infections.
- Before the patient leaves the hospital, he/she will be given instructions on how to care for the surgical wound. Any restrictions or other specifications on lifestyle
The doctors will inform the patients about the possible risks associated with the surgery. The surgery will proceed only if the benefits outweigh the risks.
Some of the major risks include:
- Organ rejection where the donor’s lung is attacked by the immune system.
- Risks from “Immunosuppressants”
- Blood Clots
- Stomach Problems
- Kidney Damage
Doctor’s instructions should be strictly followed by the patients in order to decrease the risks associated with the transplant.
These instructions might include:
- Making healthy lifestyle options
- Having a healthy diet
- Avoid smoking and drinking
- Taking medicines at the right time and in the right dosage.
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